Let’s cover the topic of Bit Manipulation as set out in Cracking the Coding Interview.

### Bit Manipulation by Hand

Logical Operators

Notation Key: recall that       ^ means XOR       ~ means NOT

Bit Manipulation by Hand

Bit Facts and Tricks

Two’s Complement and Negative Numbers

Two’s complement is a mathematical operation on binary numbers and is an example of a Radix Complement [meaning the number which, added to the given n-digit number in radix r, results in { r^{n}} . In binary ({r=2} ), this is the two’s complement.]. It is used in computing as a method of signed number representation. The two’s complement of an N-bit number is defined as its complement with respect to 2ᴺ (Wikipedia).

“Two’s complement is the way most computers represent positive or negative integers. To get the two’s complement negative notation of an integer, you write out the number in binary. You then invert the digits, and add one to the result” (Bitesize)  Arithmetic vs Logical Right Shift

Common Bit Tasks: Getting and Setting

Bit Manipulation Interview Questions

References

Basic of signed and unsigned numbers

Binary: Plusses & Minuses (Why We Use Two’s Complement)

### Interview Questions 